One of my strengths is learning. I don’t confine my curiosity to any one field. I love learning about all kinds of things, and I have a habit of taking a lot of notes in order to reflect on what I’ve read or heard. Unfortunately, my handwriting is almost illegible, so I miss a lot of the content of what I’ve read or heard because I can’t decipher my own handwriting. When I review my notes, I feel as if I’ve accomplished something if I can decipher enough of my handwriting to glean at least one take-away.
The following are take-aways from a few of the webinars, podcasts, editorials, and random readings I engaged with between April 2018 and June 2020:
41% of all undergraduates attend community colleges and there are fewer community colleges today than there were 20 years ago. “Social Justice Summit: Advocacy, Access, and Engaging Equity in Community Colleges,” Western Illinois University, Webinar – Moderator: Laila McCloud; Speaker: Eboni M. Zamali-Gallagher, Director, University of Illinois Office of Community College Research and Leadership (June 9, 2020)
“A society not grounded in ethics, self-reflection, empathy, and beauty is one that has lost its way.” (Brian Rosenberg, 17 years as President of Macalester College) “The End of College as We Knew It.” Frank Bruni, The New York Times Opinion Piece (June 4, 2020)
Do assessments, consider the context, address multiple identities, and determine who the interventions serve. “The Upended Student Life Cycles-How Student Affairs Can Serve Students in a Chaotic Time,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Webinar – Host: Ian Wilhelm, editor; Speakers: Nancy Young, Vice President, Student Affairs, University of Maryland Baltimore County; Christie Kracker, Dean of Students and Campus Life, Susquehanna University. (May 29, 2020)
Gamification is everywhere; you just don’t think about it. It uses game-inspired tools rooted in psychology (motivators, fun) to influence behavior. “What is Gamification?” Eric Myers, Mindspace-The Creative Learning Agency, ATD Monthly Webinar (April 27, 2020)
MOVE, EAT, RECOVER. What’s one step I will take to move, eat, and recover more effectively? “Healthy Living for Busy Professionals.” Tyrone Holmes, ATD Monthly Webinar (March 26, 2020)
Expect people to learn and grow; don’t freeze-frame others. Meet people where they are and scaffold the learning. “Dynamics of White Privilege,” Kathy Obear, Founder/Director, The Center for Transformation and Change, Webinar (November 8, 2019)
Each election becomes a way people measure their self-esteem. When their party loses, all of their identities lose. If your group does well, you feel better. “The Age of ‘Mega-Identity’ Politics,” The Ezra Klein Show, Podcast (April 30, 2018)
Though the official Election Day has come and gone, there is still uncertainty about the final outcome of the 2020 election. What is certain is that everyone in the academic community needs to work harder than ever to contribute to the creation of a safe, healthy, and inclusive environment that encourages and supports students who are coping with unprecedented challenges.
Following the 2016 election, my friend, Shannon Ellis, vice president for student affairs at the University of Nevada, Reno, and I wrote messages to our colleagues in Student Affairs. These messages may still resonate, so I’m sharing them here.
Joy, dismay, fear, elation, security, vulnerability, anger, betrayal, despair, hope. The results of the 2016 presidential election elicited a wide spectrum of reactions from both colleagues and students. The breadth and strength of the reactions prompted us to write to you, our colleagues, who, like our country, reflect diversity in all its forms including ideologies, attitudes, opinions and beliefs. Our message is a call to you to emerge, as you always have done, in order to do the important work of helping all stakeholders come together as a community to help students succeed in the broadest and most all-encompassing sense of the word.
If you are feeling as if what you believed about our nation is out of sync with today’s reality, reflect on what Jon Stewart said in an interview with Charlie Rose on CBS This Morning, November 17, 2016: “I don’t believe we are a fundamentally different country today than we were two weeks ago. The same country with all its grace and flaws, and volatility, and insecurity, and strength, and resilience exists today as it existed two weeks ago. The same country that elected Donald Trump elected Barack Obama.”
Post-election Silver Linings Playbook: Recommitting to Core Principles of Higher Education by Dr. Shannon Ellis January 20, 2017
This Is It: Student Affairs for “Such a Time as This” by Dr. Gwen Dungy January 20, 2017
Events have revealed a truth, and it’s a truth we must acknowledge and understand so we may best serve our students. There is great value in knowing where the country truly stands and clarify our role as Student Affairs professionals.
So, how is our work different now?
Let’s start where we usually do not – with ourselves. Some of us were elated at the outsider being placed in a position in which he could tell insiders how things should be run. Some of us were crest fallen when it was clear the glass ceiling had not yet been shattered by the first female president.
Add to that the students – Trump and Clinton supporters alike – who sought counsel from us. Black women wept, telling us they feared for their safety. Black men asked us, “How are you doing?” White women in both camps were in disbelief. Women who supported Trump felt empowered by their belief that political correctness around equal pay and affirmative action would be dissolved. Women who supported Clinton were stunned, some wondering aloud about what kind of sexist workplace awaited them post-graduation. Legal and undocumented immigrant students feared for themselves, their parents, and their siblings. Not only were there incidents of “fisticuffs” between roommates at the University of Nevada, Reno but deep divisions also surfaced among staff, characterized by chilling silence and sensitivity to words like “aftermath.”
As Student Affairs professionals, we now are put to the test to stand by a belief in a “no-censorship” approach to life – both on and off campus. We recommit to that principle of higher education.
Journalist and activist Gloria Steinem points out that the election is evidence that we are not living in a post-sexist, post-racist society. Seeing opportunity in the election results, scholar Shaun Harper wrote in The Chronicle of Higher Education (January 9, 2017), “The polarizing nature of the 2016 campaign makes improving the racial climate a more urgent matter for higher education leaders…Donald Trump has given us a gift – in that the racial ugliness of our nation has been exposed.”
If the silver lining of the presidential election is that there is no longer any doubt that racism and other biases and prejudices persist, Harper also provides the following warning: “If we’re not careful, we will see a very serious clash of races on campuses. We shouldn’t wait for that to happen.”
Jon Stewart said “there is this idea that anyone who voted for [Trump] has to be defined by the worst of his rhetoric. There are guys in my neighborhood that I love and respect, that I think have incredible qualities, who are not afraid of Mexicans, not afraid of Muslims, and not afraid of Blacks. They’re afraid of their insurance premiums.”
What is our role as Student Affairs professionals, then? I will tell you! It is to help students, faculty, and staff avoid viewing any group – Trump supporters, Clinton supporters, Muslims, immigrants, ANY labeled group – as a monolith.
The Student Affairs professionals needed today will help students wrestle with ideas, with perspectives and viewpoints that offend. These professionals will console, challenge, and affirm who students are and their aspirations for who they will become personally and professionally. Our time to develop this openness and willingness with students is brief. We are all on a lifelong journey to determine who we are – each of our students is a part of our journey, and we are just one part of theirs. This is our time to help students on our campuses be courageous, open, resolute – even stubborn – and willing to change their minds. This is, after all, what the academic world prides itself on – intellectual inquiry that requires an openness for discovering new ideas, overturning assumptions and biases, all in pursuit of truth. Higher education should model for all the ability to take joy in learning and growing, as well as the ability to welcome the ambiguity of “not knowing.”
Versatile, disciplined, resourceful, and emotionally strong are some characteristics of successful Student Affairs professionals. These are transferable skills valued in many professions, but you chose to work in a college environment. Now is the time to navigate caution signs without losing either patience or direction and thrive, helping your institution prioritize students’ intellectual learning and emotional development by ensuring a supportive environment. Ensuring a supportive environment in times such as this will require different approaches, new tools, and a clear understanding of what you need to do your job.
While others may view the possibility of turbulence on campus as a problem, you see an environment where you can shape and contribute to the future of students and your institution, alike, in an unprecedented manner. You embrace your role as mediator when there are controversies related to diversity, equity, and inclusion. You support faculty and other colleagues who create a space for dialogue and conversation about sensitive and controversial issues.
Times demand you shift focus solely from students within the bailiwick of Student Affairs to the entire campus. No one office, division, unit or person can create an inclusive and equitable campus climate. Wrenching change demands a new approach to collaboration.
Collaborate with your Diversity, Inclusion and Equity Office. You are in an optimal position to help faculty, staff, students, and administrators contribute to a climate of inclusion. Who more than professionals in Student Affairs understand how important it is for every member of the community to feel a sense of belonging? Extend your reach. Actions speak louder than words. Equity and inclusion must permeate a diverse institution at every level, every position, and every role. All stakeholders are responsible for identifying who is marginalized and in what circumstance.
Executive leaders have important visible and symbolic roles to play when there are demands for a shift in the focus of the institution. With your support, your campus leaders will understand and address what students need in order to feel a sense of belonging, to be assured they are getting the quality education expected, and to believe their opinions matter. You can help these leaders become more knowledgeable about campus climate and help make inclusion the norm.
As a professional in Student Affairs, you also have skills that support faculty, but not all faculty may be aware of these skills. Help faculty identify common experiences for students to share that both support curricular objectives and allow for the expression of differing opinions and emotions in a facilitated academic environment. This kind of environment will help students experience deep learning and discover the core of who they are. Offer your help to facilitate these discussions. Be the champion of intellectual learning coupled with personal development.
Likewise, staff who employ or mentor students may need your help to ensure they take advantage of teachable moments.
It is during these times that you need to shift your focus to the community at-large. Your education, training, and access to students have prepared you to do this work. During times that are both propitious and unfavorable, you must increase your communication and visibility with all stakeholders. To play a major role as mediator, mentor, teacher, and leader in an educational environment during uncertain times is why you went into Student Affairs. This is it. This is the time for you to assume your role with confidence and to ask for what you need to do your job.
“Here’s the thing . . .” During normal conversation when someone says, “Here’s the thing,” I listen more intently and know that this is what I should pay most attention to. However, during this presidential campaign season, the phrase, “Here’s the thing” seems to have become more of a habit or speech tic similar to the habit some have of ending every declarative sentence with the question, “Does that make sense?”
As we get closer to the official date for the end of voting for the leader of our nation, I am facing the reality that no matter who becomes President of the United States, and regardless of his good intentions and promises, there are many rivers and tributaries between the promises of the candidates and their ability to accomplish their stated goals. The reality is that our electoral system and the established checks and balances of our government will rule in the end.
Hopefully, the Electoral College will vote according to the preferences of the majority of citizens in their state. And, ideally for the intended purposes of checks and balances, Representatives, Senators, and Justices will always serve along with the Executive Branch in the best interest of the country. As we have seen in the past, however, these structures of checks and balances can be politicized to either support or blunt the desires and promises of the popularly elected leader of the land. Therefore, if the reality of checks and balances does not support the highest hopes of the individual voter, it could cause those who worked hard to get out the vote, campaigned for their candidate, contributed money to campaigns, and voted early to lose perspective and faith in whatever they believed in that inspired their activism.
In preparing myself to accept the outcome of the presidential election, I think that I might use the speech tics I mentioned in my opening paragraph. For example, I will answer the literary refrain, “Does this make sense?” with the declaration: It does not make sense for me to stake my whole well-being on the outcomes of this election.
Further, I will pay close attention to how I feel when I say to myself, “Here’s the thing.” For example, I will internally debate my perception of the thing, and tune in to my feelings in order to realize that the thing is, as important as civic attention is to government, there is more to the context in which I want to continue to exist than what the machinations of government can influence. Like you, I have attempted to keep a sense of equilibrium by acting on what I can control and adjusting to that which I cannot control. I affirm to myself that I will not despair and abandon my dreams and the dreams of my ancestors who worked hard and suffered to pass on opportunities upon which I might build.
And finally, here’s the thing: For some, the results of the election will make the world better. For others, it might seem like the end of the world as they want it to be. But for all of us, it is not the end of the world.
Since the pandemic, I’ve not read or heard that colleges and universities and their students are thrilled about remote learning. Understandably, the majority want to be onsite enjoying the benefits a campus offers both in and outside of the classroom. But what if there were no pandemic that would require nearly universal remote learning? Would campus life be as it was in fall 2019? I have to think that if there were no pandemic and on-campus enrollment were up to full capacity this fall, there might be a different kind of challenge to address that would affect the safety of the academic community.
The academic community is not apolitical, and it is increasingly less of a haven for civil debate based on critical thinking and empirical facts. Students tend to be idealists and, in the past several months, we have witnessed more activism than we’ve seen in the past 50 years.
If there were no pandemic and students were onsite, rather than traditional campus protests to have college and university administrators address their demands, instead students might be protesting and counterprotesting one another based on their political party or favorite presidential candidate. Instead of safe spaces for civic engagement and civil conversations, campuses could be battlegrounds—even fomented by outside groups persuading students to stoke the flames of civil unrest.
With the current probability of disputes over presidential election results and ongoing rumors about the possibility of violence, the 2020 presidential election could have been the friction that sparked violent clashes among students if college and university campuses were at full onsite capacity.
Some may see this scenario as hyperbole, but it is no great leap to speculate that student-against-student campus unrest based on political choices could unravel the threads that create the ideal tapestry of higher education—learning to think, act, and live together.
If large numbers of students were on campuses this fall, those with larger responsibilities to keep students safe might have been caught between a rock and a hard place as they struggled to thread the needle between free expression and provocations that incite violence. Despite the hard place, administrators would dare not be caught flat-footed or blindsided to the possibility of violent clashes among students. In reality, it’s too horrible to imagine that students would resort to interpersonal physical violence in order to express their passion in support of a political ideology. But we’ve seen the unimaginable in so many ways in recent months, so nothing should be left to chance.
The upside of this dark scenario is that it appears that more campuses than not are making it possible for students to continue their studies remotely and, therefore, avoid the kinds of provocations that could actualize the unthinkable. Most importantly, we must have faith in those who choose higher education as part of their life plan.
Imagining this worst-case scenario may help some adapt more easily to the less-than-ideal circumstances and inconvenience of remote learning for a while longer. And remote learning could provide the kind of space for well-considered discussions on the election and what it means for the future of higher education. But this is only a microcosm of our larger society. If higher education ultimately teaches us how to better think, act, and live together, we must consider, too, the implications for the future of our nation and how we might be able to provide that same kind of space and well-considered discussion on a broader scale.
I couldn’t sleep at all Tuesday night. As soon as presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden announced that his running mate would be Senator Kamala Harris, my phone began to ping with euphoric messages from friends and family. This announcement, coupled with my listening to Isabel Wilkerson’s book Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents at one-and-a-half times the regular speed, contributed to my racing thoughts and restlessness during the night.
My major concern as I tossed and turned was whether or not I would be compelled to write a blog titled “Shouldna Known” after the fall presidential election. Biden has been leading in recent polls; he has been threatened that if he did not choose a Black woman as his running mate he would lose the election; Kanye West may be successful in positioning himself to siphon off some votes from Biden; and passionate Evangelicals, perhaps more than ever, see the current President as the protector of their religious freedom.
The biggest threat to Biden’s election, however, may be the impossibility of the dominant caste to “allow” a strong woman who embraces her blackness to be a heartbeat away from the presidency of the United States. The election may rest on the question of whether or not the dominant caste will risk their place in the “ingrained system of hierarchy” to save the nation. If caste is as strong an impulse and motivator as Wilkerson asserts, backed by examples and research, we will relive 2016’s “morning after,” awaking to a very different reality than when we’d gone to bed thinking that there was no way the American people would not elect Hillary Clinton to be President of the United States.
As opposed to pointing a finger up to see which way the wind is blowing, Generation 2020 will change the direction of the wind.
After going through the current hard times I need not reiterate here, I predict that Generation 2020 will acquire unmatched and phenomenal resilience. We will work to enhance the connectedness among all people. We will promote strong, powerful natural leaders who will create communities where everyone is needed.
Our experiences in 2020 will stimulate our imagination and strengthen our resolve to make our collective vision a reality.
While some less hopeful and less imaginative thinkers may want to label our generation the COVID Generation, the Pandemic Generation, or the Protest Generation, we will reject these descriptors that mark the retreat of progress and the decline of humanity. We will see and feel ourselves as wholly new and powerfully burnished by the crucible of 2020 into strong, precious, and valuable human beings.
Generation 2020 will be unstoppable as we work for the common good, find new ways to safeguard the earth, share our resources more generously, and support one another as we take responsibility for past history and advocate for justice and rights for people everywhere.
With so many disheartening reports about COVID 19, like many others, I’ve limited my exposure to television news. On Monday, June 29, however, I turned the television on for noise as I folded some just-washed towels. I was not really attending to the news reports until I heard this statement from White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany: “Law and order are the building blocks of the American Dream.”
Stunned by the statement, I stopped folding towels and wrote down what she said. I began thinking about the term “law and order” and its historical political connotation combined with the historical concept of “the American Dream” and what that dream has meant to generations of immigrants and poor people for decades.
The wedding of these two terms in the press secretary’s statement elevates the political and cultural meaning of “law and order” while diminishing the ideal some have held as “the American Dream.” The statement raises the question: Whose dream is it if law and order are used to exclude, discriminate, and abuse?
Historian James Truslow Adams is credited with coining and defining the concept of “The American Dream” in 1931: “That dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for every man, with opportunity for each according to his ability or achievement.”
Such a concept is in keeping with the sentiment in Langston Hughes’ poem, Let America Be America Again, as the speaker calls upon the country to at last enact its highest ideals:
Let America be the dream the dreamers dreamed—
[Where] opportunity is real, and life is free,
Equality is in the air we breathe.
But the poem’s refrain that “America never was America to me” brings us back to the question of what, in fact, this “dream” has become and for whom. While soldiers may have gone off to war to “make the world safe for democracy,” they returned to political propaganda touting the virtues of home ownership, narrowing the idea of “the American Dream.” What’s more, a history of racial discrimination—particularly in regard to mortgage lending and redlining—made this dream attainable by only some.
Although there has been much progress in discarding explicitly racist residential maps and ensuring oversight to more equitably distribute loans for mortgages—and, to be sure, houses purchased in white neighborhoods by Black people are not as frequently firebombed—the concept of “the American Dream” may be out-of-date given the current global environment.
Over the years, the concept of the American Dream has been used as a benchmark to measure how Americans, especially college students, feel about their future. A few years back, in referencing New America’s annual survey on higher education, the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) made the following statement:
While most Americans believe that higher education is valuable for students and beneficial to society, they also believe that the state of the economy, self-interest, and costs inhibit some institutions from helping students achieve the American Dream…. Overall, the data show that people are aware that the American Dream is increasingly out of reach.
Given how deeply embedded “the America Dream” has been in the American psyche, I think the 2011 Bonner report’s finding that, “First and second-wave African American millennials were not familiar with the term” is particularly telling.
Considering that the prognostications about achieving “the American Dream” as originally conceived are generally negative; surveys show that the new generations of young people, in large numbers, do not want to own a home; and the new narrative from the White House Press Secretary has devolved the concept into something not remotely related to the original idea, I think we have reached an important point in the nation’s history in which some terms and concepts should be deleted from our psychological dictionary.
One way we can do this is by letting go of and replacing dreaming about a monolithic concept of doing well materially with a “Dream for America” that has as its foundation our hope for humanity—a hope that this dreamed-for America yet will be. A “Dream for America” would include putting together the fragments many have just become aware of into a human connection focused on justice and equitable and sustainable opportunities for all.
Just when the “now” generation feels it has found its cause—injustices baked in by striations of economic opportunities, a systemic culture of racism, and an overwhelming consensus about a severely flawed system of law enforcement—many of those who took to the streets to protest like their predecessors who stimulated movements of cultural significance, will need to be students once again.
In order to sustain the commitment to action, some students will surely participate as activists on campuses in attempts to replicate what they saw or experienced during the summer of George Floyd. Others—no less committed to the cause—will want to contribute in a different manner.
Andrei Santos, Environmental Science and Public Policy major at Duke University, shares in the following thoughtfully reasoned essay ideas and suggestions about how students can sustain the passion and momentum of the summer of 2020 from where they are as students.
by Andrei Santos, Rachel Carson Council Stanback Engagement Intern, Duke University (Reposted courtesy of the Rachel Carson Council)
Over the last couple of weeks, protesters have responded to the death of George Floyd with demonstrations in all fifty states. Although the protests were started in response to Floyd’s death, they have quickly transformed into protests surrounding the broader issue of racism in police forces across the country and systemic racism in the country as a whole. While youth organizers have been responsible for many of the protests throughout the country, students must carry this momentum into the fall semester. The systemic abuse of people of color is not localized to their interactions with the police. In order to progress towards a truly just society we must confront the racial disparities not only in policing, but also the environmental sector.
People of color are more likely to suffer from exposure to air pollution, live near landfills, and contract waterborne diseases due to limited access to clean water. Access and quality of vital services have long been overlooked, but act as barriers to people of color by diminishing the quality of life of minority communities.Now is the time for students and faculty at universities across the nation to act in the places where they have the most influence. Students and student activists have the opportunity this fall to address these issues of race, and campus communities must work to dismantle systems of oppressions wherever present.
While protesters feel that speaking out in this moment is necessary, many also struggle with how to go about protesting. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced people to make a decision between protesting against inequality and brutality at the hands of police officers across the nation, or avoiding the pandemic by staying distant. Especially as the disease disproportionately affects communities of color, the people who feel most strongly the effects of the injustice protest have been centered around are also cognizant of the health risks. This, among other factors like the proliferation of social media platforms, has pushed many protesters to act digitally, sharing resources to help educate observers, raise awareness, and fundraise. For onlookers, it is time to become informed and act in anti-racist ways. For politicians, it is time to evaluate the efficacy of policies that work against black communities. For environmental groups, it is time to reflect on the intimate link between racism and environmental justice. Two crises are at the forefront of the American psyche in this moment, racism and disease, and it’s time to acknowledge that racism doesn’t just appear in the blue uniforms of police officers or the white robes of the KKK, it rears its ugly head in the form of food insecurity, pollution, and climate change. It appears as Confederate statues glorifying conquerors and slave-owners. It surfaces as university investment into campaigns and companies that promote racist policies.
It’s normal to feel angry, frustrated, and ready for a change. For students, these feelings are an opportunity to act in socially responsible ways on campus. Systemic racism permeates everyday life, and university life is no exception. From educating oneself about injustices committed against people of color by enrolling in classes that challenge one’s perception of the world, to addressing diversity policies in the clubs one is a part of, students can educate themselves about inequality and work to improve the collegiate environment. Students can also look into the campaigns and companies that their universities and schools involve themselves with and promote divestment of groups that are socially irresponsible. Questioning the role and efficacy of police officers in schools is additionally important. Every school is different, but no school is perfect. Analyzing collegiate life and addressing, organizing, and protesting around the issues that affect people of color disproportionately is important to furthering the movement past calls for an end to police brutality. For students, bringing the protests from the streets into the classroom is important for keeping the movement alive.
When students return to campus in the fall, they may find that it is a significantly different place. Social interactions may be limited and classes may be smaller, but that doesn’t mean that activism has to stop. Engaging with communities digitally and transition to online movements allows student-activists to reach a broader audience while limiting the barriers presented by the post-COVID world. Organizing around racial issues in the area that students have the most influence, their universities and colleges, can still be done through digital media. Now is the time to ensure that the newfound energy being directed towards racial justice doesn’t begin to fizzle out by bringing this sense of action to campuses across the nation, digitally or otherwise.
Campuses across the nation have seen a renewed push to change aspects of collegiate life, even during a time when students aren’t living on campus. At Duke University in North Carolina, students have started online movements to remove the police from peaceful protests on campus. In Charlottesville, activists demonstrated by marching through downtown in protest of police brutality and called for Confederate statues to be brought down.
Clemson activists have circulated petitions to remove John C. Calhoun’s name from the Honors College, and have done so through online platforms like change.org. Examples of how to act in anti-racist ways are as varied as the students conducting these movements, but it’s important for these actions to continue and progress. Whether movements are conducted online or in person, it is important for students to continue working towards making their campuses more inclusive and carrying the energy from this summer to the fall.
Current protests underscore the complexity of progress. Systemic racism is not just a single-faceted issue, but rather one with traces in every sector. Organizing work may look slightly different in the time of social distancing, but in this time of political upheaval, it could not be more important. While social distancing may keep us physically separate, now more than ever, we need to use the tools at our disposal to come together and fight injustice on all fronts. For students, upcoming semesters signify change, and this semester offers an opportunity to change their campuses for the better.
February is Black History Month and, though I don’t want to talk about race per se, my experiences as a consequence of being black in institutions where there were few other people of color seem to bring me back to this song that has no ending.
My student teaching experience in an all-white institution – with no mercy from the high school supervising teacher or the practicum professor from the university – was so traumatic that I fainted in front of the class when I was being observed for my final evaluation. It was just too much pressure.
In my first teaching position after college, then, I was determined to right the wrongs of my student teaching experience. With only one other black teacher in the English Department, I had to pass the rigorous scrutiny of the Department Chair, who frequently just popped in to my classes unannounced to observe.
One day Miss Nelson, white-haired and married to her role as Department Chair, stopped by my classroom to chat about the Parents’ Night scheduled for that evening. She smiled and assured me that there was nothing to be concerned about. In fact, she said, “Don’t be disappointed if parents don’t show up because parents seldom visit the teachers of their children in high school.” Imagine my surprise when all the seats of my classroom were filled for every hour of visiting on Parents’ Night.
Because of my history as a black woman, when I was a counseling psychologist at a community college, I vigorously resisted the suggestion that all counselors have large photos posted outside the counseling center with a short professional bio so students could see with whom they were making an appointment. While there might not have been anything nefarious about the intent, you can guess what I thought.
Thinking back on these times and realizing that this song seems to have no ending makes me want to quarantine new generations of students from our history and from our current cycle of politics. Why quarantine? Because sometimes the professionals who have always believed that education for diversity and expanding one’s world view is the way to confront partisanship and polarization get discouraged.
For those who might be feeling discouraged by the tone and reality of our current political environment, I recommend what I think is an excellent article on what educators can do to continue to provide opportunities for reaffirmation of our very humanity and that of our students. In “Interfaith Learning and Development – Building an Understanding of Religious Differences” (Leadership Exchange, Winter 2020), Interfaith Youth Core Program Manager Janett I. Cordovés and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Director of Diversity and Social Justice Education Ross Wantland write about how “provocative encounters” with diverse peers help students develop a “pluralism orientation,” resulting in the following positive outcomes, among others:
accepting others with different worldviews;
believing that worldviews share many common values;
considering it important to understand the differences between world religions; and
believing it possible to have strong relationships with diverse others and still hold to one’s personal world views.
The success of these provocative encounters depends on the ability of facilitators to both challenge and support students in these controversial learning spaces. Civility in dialogue around differences of opinions about religion and politics are high bars to attempt to reach particularly in an environment in which political identity has become the cauldron of multiple identities that not only exclude “the other,” but also make that “other” the enemy. Nevertheless, it is Black History Month, and we want to end this song.
In the recent inter-generational conversation on gender I had the privilege of facilitating, all of the dialogue participants were connected to education in some manner. The expectation, then, is that responses would resonate with students and those who work with students. To that end, I asked the following question directly related to student activism on campus today:
In a political climate where students take matters into their own hands, what do you see as critical for them to know about the risks and rewards of activism in their future careers? What difference do you think gender will make?
As the person still working directly on a higher education campus, Eboni’s is the first voice heard in the above clip, with a question from Jackie. The clip closes with Tangela’s observations.
Responses to this question clearly recognize that student activism is “cyclical and long,” as Tangela notes. Jackie asks if students know their history to inform their present and future. Eboni sees all kinds of students — those who are “grounded in understanding, as well as those who live only in the present.”
The Silent or Traditional (S/T) and the Baby Boomer generations on campus may see the rolling back of progress in the current climate of overt racist groups influencing students. Organizational and environmental characteristics of colleges and universities remain critical today, as they were when the doors began to open to provide more opportunities for all students. Current student activists, as those in previous generations, realize that they have to look to themselves for support because often the seats of power in academe are still occupied by people who do not understand, or do not care to support them in, their struggle.
Full Transcript for Activism Section
Gwen (T/S): Let’s talk about students on campus. As you know, students are quite active today in going after what they want. They don’t trust people to take care of them, as a lot of us didn’t trust people way back when to take care of us. So, what would you say the risks and rewards are for activism and these students’ future careers and, is there a difference related to – why don’t we say – gender and race if you’re an activist right now?
Jackie (BB): I’d like to hear Eboni’s answer, because she’s still actively on campus.
Eboni (X): Uh, sure. You know, I think that, particularly, kind of post-2016 elections, we’re seeing increasing numbers of students of all stripes, but particularly on the heels of Black Lives and Black Minds Matter, kind of post-Mike Brown and any number of us folks who have died at the hands of – unarmed – and have died at the hand of – and the Say Her Name – right? I mean, we talked about Me Too, but in terms of Black women, in particular, who have resulted in death in terms of interactions with police… I think that there’s been a way in which there have always been risks and rewards when it comes to activism, but that students are showing that, at least in the last couple of years, that they’re willing to go there. That the risks and the rewards in terms of what they seem keenly aware of, is that it’s still an uphill battle. That they have to assert with their whole selves demand for access to be afforded, level playing fields – or at least more level, that they’re not distracted by these superficial kinds of things in terms of what you might dangle in front of them to try to get them to retreat. Right? That they’re also thinking about how to redefine the risk in terms of strategy, in terms of ways that they can address specific challenges – some being mainly gendered in terms of, you know, wanting to see Black female leadership, or some, with a lot of the Black male initiatives – there’s a lot of activity on my campuses and on other campuses where students are rising up, there’s a new wave of activism, and I think that they’re coming up with some unique strategies to try to mitigate some of those risks because they also understand that their activism, their decisions today to do that, can result in ways that can limit opportunity later, depending on how they do it. And then there are others that are not trying to be that methodical about it. It is coming from a more organic, emotional place and, yes, they’re bright, they’re prepared, they understand risk and reward, but at the same time, they’re like, “No, we’re having our say.”
Jackie (BB): Let me ask you this: Do they know they’re history, and are they using it to inform their present and their future?
Eboni (X): I wouldn’t generalize to say that they all do, but I think that some, in particular, are poised and grounded in that understanding. I know in terms of just some of the students that I’ve interacted with – some of my advisees – that some of them feel the least amount of support for that kind of engagement, where they will have older generations tell them, you know, “Be careful” – to not take the risk, but they feel like, you know, that these are matters of public policy, that these are conditions affecting lives and, so, some of them feel like, for any number of reasons, that, you know, whether it’s they want to be active around speaking back – clapping back – at what they see as a growing wave of racial antipathy on campus, or a lack of inclusion efforts from central administration, or whatever it is that – some are feeling afraid to take those risks, and they see the risks as more so to themselves, not where this is something that their family or friends are necessarily subject to, and that the benefits of the risks to them make it worth taking, because, you know, they are just at that point of, you know, really wanting to stand up. And, so, I think every generation gets to a point where something where – and, again, that last election – it’s like you get a call to arms. And then it’s the thousand little cuts, you know, in between, of being inundated, where it seems like it’s a rerun, but it’s a first cut, but it happens so much that the way in which folks get kind of, you know, desensitized to seeing – and then being told, you know, “All Lives Matter”… I know when folk hear that and then we time and time again, there’s an acquittal and there’s an acquittal and there’s culpability, and you have campus police profiling you, you have, you know, right-wing student groups on campus, you know… I mean, we just had another Affirmative Action Bake Sale in the spring. We had chalking where very anti-Muslim, anti-immigrant, anti-Black sentiment and different campuses. And, so, I think we’re at a point where students are – they’re like, “Let’s roll,” “I can’t,” like, “My cup is runneth over.” And the you’ve got others that aren’t – they’re just not going to be actively involved in trying to be on the frontline or getting in the face of administrators or having people protest or stepping outside of their own comfort zone.
Tangela (M): Uh, Gwen, to your original question, I’m on the University of Chicago, one of their professional division’s board. So, we are interfacing with those students. What I’ve been inviting them to do is have a plan – even a loose one – and then to remember that history is cyclical and long. And, so, with respect to social media, what we’re communicating is still the same throughout history, for the most part, but the medium is what’s changing. And, so, whoever’s Googling your name or Googling your account, all of that will come up – that’s following most times, even when you think it’s not there. And then, the next piece I tell them is to be strategic in your alignment, be good allies, and to build a good coalition – including faculty and staff, because those folks have lots of institutional knowledge. You may only be there for two years, you may only be there for four, and the change that you’re seeking to have is to make it better for people who look like you who may want to come to that university. And, the last one is just to be aware of the criticisms that you receive. Everyone is not going to afford you constructive criticism. To let go of the idea of being coddled – that people ought to correct you and tell you what the error is. It should be enough for you to know that you’ve made an error and that you need to come up with a new solution.
Gwen (T/S): Fantastic, fantastic. I think this should be very helpful for students, because I’m hoping that students and those who work with students will be able to hear this blog.